"It's a very dangerous thing to believe in nonsense." -- James
|Volume 7 Issue 3
Dr. Kreider Speaks Out
Part 3: On Mesmerism
by Randy Alley
Dr. Kreider's outrage did not stop with
phrenology. He was also skeptical of another pseudoscience: mesmerism or, as Mesmer
originally called it, animal magnetism.
As you will recall (Vol. 6, #10), Franz Anton Mesmer was a German physician who
developed the theory of animal magnetism (mesmerism). Animal magnetism decreed that
magnetic forces from stars, planets, and objects exerted influences on all living things.
Mesmer proposed that these magnetic forces could be directed and used to cure physical
ailments and diseases. Kreider recognized that mesmerism was fraudulent and was determined
to convince others. Kreider began his discussion against the validity of mesmerism by
presenting the comical situations associated with it. He then finished with a review of
the commissions on mesmerism.More