*The REALL News*

"It's a very dangerous thing to believe in nonsense." -- James Randi

Volume 7 Issue 2 February 1999

A REALL Special 6th Anniversary Issue

Dr. Kreider Speaks Out
Part 2: On Phrenology

by Randy Alley

Your Brain on PhrenologyKreider defined phrenology as a pseudoscience that "professes to be a system of philosophy of the human mind, founded on the physiology of the brain."1 As described in "Phrenology Considered" (Vol. 6, No. 9), phrenologists believed that many different organs made up the human brain. During Kreider's lifetime, no one knew the number of such organs because each phrenologist professed knowledge of new and different organs. Kreider refuted phrenology by examining the scientific validity of its premise. He also provided humorous contradictions which arose from the phrenologist's claims.MoreMore


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